The Effects of Mental Health on Community

 

One of my passions is to to bring awareness of the effects Mental Health has on our communities, businesses, and families.  According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (https://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-By-the-Numbers) 18.6% of the U.S. adult population experience a mental illness in a given year.  The number is even higher for adolescents (21.4%).  Among these statistics, 18.1% of adults live with an anxiety disorder, 2.6% live with Bipolar Disorder, and 6.9% have had a Major Depressive Episode in the last year.  Only 41% of adults living with a mental illness received mental health services in the last year.  There are many factors that contribute to those who are suffering from a mental illness not receiving the services needed, including cost and accessibility.    Among the reasons for not receiving services is the fear of judgement or embarrassment.    There also is often a lack of hope that counseling or medication will actually help treat the condition.  Past failed experiences with treatment also contribute to this sense of hopelessness.  A helpful article written on this topic can be found at http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2013/01/14/what-prevents-people-from-seeking-mental-health-treatment/.

If you or a family member is suffering with anxiety, depression and/or bipolar, here are some good first steps toward treatment:

1. When you address your loved-one, friend or co-worker, do so with care and concern.  Oftentimes those who spend time with someone who is depressed, anxious or just seems “moody”, they are fed up and annoyed with the person’s attitude and behavior.  Sometimes other’s “stress” becomes our stress, and we have enough of our own to take on someone else’s problems.  The problem with this attitude is that the person who is suffering continues to suffer, and oftentimes does not get the help he needs simply because others have already judged him for his condition.  Why would someone who has been judged for a mental or emotional condition  volunteer to be further scrutinized, because actually naming the condition might lead to further judgment right?  If the person who is struggling feels as though you are genuinely concerned about their pain, and not your own, then he or she is more likely to seek treatment.  It is helpful for the person to hear you say, ‘I see your are struggling, I care about  you and you deserve to feel better’.

2.  If you are a friend or family member, volunteer to go to the first appointment as a means of support.  If the person you care about is resistant to treatment, your added support may be the encouragement he needs to take this leap of faith.  You could go one  step further by helping him research treatment options and be a sounding board for him to decide which treatment professional is the best fit.  If he does not want you to go with him to the appointment, then be there to discuss the outcome with him afterwards.  If he is dissatisfied, then be the sounding board he needs to work through his concerns.  Try not to be negative or hopeless, but not a Pollyanna either.  Its okay to be a cheerleader, but also a realist.  This journey is not going to be an easy one, and the path to healing is not a straight course.   You may have to manage your own expectations of his improvement along with his.

3.  It is difficult to be in the position of caretaker.  Oftentimes those who are in a relationship with someone who is suffering from a mental illness become exasperated, resentful and hopeless.  This is due in part to the many efforts over sometimes many years toward cheering him up or calming him down, or whatever the case may be.  A caretaker oftentimes becomes somewhat traumatized by their failed efforts to treat a condition, that they are not qualified to treat.  If your husband, wife, or child is suffering, the truth is the whole family suffers as a result.  However, putting yourself in the role of fixer, might only worsen the problem.  Not only is it okay to seek professional help for a mental health condition, it is actually irresponsible not to.  You wouldn’t perform your spouse’s appendectomy would you?  Then be his spouse, not his therapist.  If you are in a close relationship with someone who you think might have a mental illness, then seek treatment for yourself as well.  It will be helpful for you to heal from the results of living with someone with a mental health condition, and you will likely gain helpful guidance for addressing your loved one and his condition more effectively.

4. One of the most important pieces of addressing a person with a mental illness is to separate the condition from the person.    I often hear people say, ‘that’s just how he is.’.  But what if a person’s behavior is not reflective of his personality, but of a mental health condition that he can improve.  Those struggling with anxiety, depression and/or bipolar, are often times moody, irresponsible, and sometimes withdrawn.  We often assume that a person is purposefully being difficult, and that he is fully aware of what he is doing.  But what if he isn’t self-aware enough to recognize that his thoughts, feelings and behavior are all optional.  One of the most enduring things about creation to me is that there is consistency and change simultaneously.  There is consistency and change continually  in all three aspects of our being, including our physical, mental and spiritual selves.  So, that being said, change is possible.  The core condition may always be present, but on the continuum of health there is always room for improvement.  It is self-defeating to believe that a state of being will always be the way it is today, and it might even be enabling to believe that the person you care about cannot be any better than he is today.

If you suspect that you or someone you care about is suffering from mental illness.  I hope you will consider these tips and ideas as a new perspective on mental health.  The truth is mental illness has always existed, but our understanding of it and the best courses of treatment are still being developed.  Allow yourself to be open and teachable about these conditions, and helpful to those who may be suffering.

 

Written by Kendra H. Gilbert, LPC

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The Effect of Internet Pornography on Marriage

Internet users spend billions of dollars each year on pornography obtained through cyberspace. Men tend to use pornography as a means of distraction, to cope with stress, to participate in sex acts that they would not otherwise participate in, and to meet people online. Women report engaging in this type of behavior for educational purposes, support for sexual concerns, and purchasing sexually explicit items. (Manning, 2006)

Pornography via the internet affords the user anonymity and availability. Over time, internet pornography can impact relationships because the people seeking porn neglect intimate and sexual relationships with their spouses/partners. It can also lead to distorted perceptions of sex, desire for more deviant sexual behavior, viewing non-monogamous relationships as normal, downplaying the importance of monogamy, decreased sexual satisfaction with partners, and not placing value on marriage, intimacy, or relationships. (Dew, Brubaker, & Hays, 2006)

Partners of online porn users who have discovered that their significant others have been viewing internet pornography often feel hurt, angry, inadequate, and as though they cannot compete with online images. Often, the partner feels repulsed, disgusted, and sense a lack of emotion connection during sex. Many reported engaging in sexual acts that they normally would not have in an effort to compete with their partner’s online experiences.

Other potential side effects of internet pornography usage include developing a tolerance to material, often even engaging in more bizarre or at-risk activities such as arranging face to face sexual encounters with partners met online; thus exposing unaware spouses to sexually transmitted diseases. Other potential dangers of internet pornography exist as well. Men who admitted that internet pornography usage was a gateway to other activities such as seeking out massage parlors, prostitutes, and actual affairs. Research indicates that many spouses found emotional infidelity to be as severe an offense as actual physical infidelity.

Whitty (2003) examined the definition of what couples constitute as infidelity and offered insight into the difference in emotional versus physical infidelity. Participants indicated that the amount of contact between the internet user and their virtual lovers was not always the source of pain or frustration. The spouses reported their partners desire to seek others for affection and attention caused them the greatest distress. Another result of Whitty’s study was that partners who wished to share sexual details and engage in sexual activities with others online exposed couples to a new kind of vulnerability, referred to as emotional infidelity, which was viewed as hurtful as physical fidelity and posed a threat for the future of the relationship. Of the men surveyed, 63% had been married more than 10 years and 78% reported having at least one extramarital affair as a result of meeting someone online. One fourth of the men in this study also reported that they had engaged in either unprotected sex with a partner obtained through the internet while maintaining sexual relations with their spouse.

Manning (2006) reports that internet pornography addiction was a major factor in separation and divorce. According to the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers in 2002, 62% of attendees said that the internet played a role in the divorces they handled in the previous year. Schneider (2003) indicated that cybersex addiction was a major factor leading to separation, divorce, and decreased sexual relations by the user and their spouse. Stack, Wasserman, and Kern (2004) seem to provide support for this research by indicating that the strongest predictor of internet pornography usage was lack of a happy marriage while reporting that individuals who report being happily married are 61% less likely to engage in internet pornography but found that most internet pornography users are married heterosexual males. The discovery of a loved one’s secret life in the world of internet pornography does not have to end in divorce. Help is available for those who seek to save their marriage.

Schneider (2003) indicates that there is hope and help available to users of internet pornography. As with any addiction, the most important step is in helping the user realize that they have a problem. Schneider suggestions breaking down the wall of denial and helping them realize the impact that their behavior is having on their partners and relationships. The reason that they engage in this type of activity must also be examined so that new ways of coping with stress can be either eliminated or avoided. For example, if an individual turns to internet pornography as a means of coping with stress, new ways of dealing with stress can be a point of focus and recovery. Software is also available that is capable of blocking or limiting unwanted pornography sites. Another potential resolution may be for the user to seek some type of support group or 12-step program geared toward their addiction such as Sexual Addicts Anonymous, Sexaholics Anonymous, or Sex and Love Addicts Anonymous. The research conducted by Stack et al. (2004) also reported that strong religious bonds were more effective in deterring users than their matrimonial bonds.

References

Dew, B., Brubaker, M., & Hays, D. (2006). From the Altar to the Internet: Married Men and        their Online Sexual Behavior. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 13, 195-207.

Manning, J.C. (2006). The Impact of Internet Pornography on Marriage and the Family: A Review of the Research. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 13, 131-165.

Schneider, J.P. (2003). The impact of compulsive cybersex behaviours on the family. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 18, 329-354.

Stack, S., Wasserman, I., & Kern, R. (2004). Adult Social Bonds and Use of Internet Pornography. Social Science Quarterly, 85, 75-88.

Whitty, M.T. (2003). Pushing the Wrong Buttons: Men’s and Women’s Attitudes toward Online and Offline Infidelity. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 6, 569-579.

Written by Heather Bearden, LPC

 

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